Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the thalamic biochemical profile in patients with essential tremor (ET), using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ( 1 H-MRS), and to explore the correlations between clinical and biochemical data. Methods: Sixteen patients with ET and 14 healthy controls participated in this study. After conventional MR imaging, single-voxel 1 H-MRS (TR = 2000 ms; TE = 28 ms) was performed by using a PROBE-SV system implemented on a 3-T scanner. A voxel of 10 × 10 × 15 mm involving the ventrointermediate (Vim) nucleus was acquired in each thalamus of all subjects. Peak areas of N-acetyl-aspartate + N-acetyl-aspartyl-glutamate (NAA), creatine + phosphocreatine (Cr), glycerophosphocholine + phosphocholine (Cho), and glutamate + glutamine (Glx) were calculated using a version 6.3-1 K of the fitting program LCModel for each voxel. Comparative and correlation analyses were performed on the NAA, Cr, Cho, and Glx concentrations, as well as on the values of the NAA/Cr, a neural density marker, Cho/Cr, a membrane marker, and Glx/Cr, an intracellular neurotransmitter marker. Results: Patients with ET showed a significant increase in Glx concentration and Glx/Cr ratio values in both thalami, compared to healthy controls, whereas no difference inter-group was found for the other metabolites and NAA/Cr and Cho/Cr ratio values. Of note, the tremor severity was positively related to increased Glx concentrations and Glx/Cr ratio values in ET group. Conclusions: Our study shows that 1 H-MRS can highlight in vivo metabolic abnormalities in the thalami of ET patients, supporting the evidence that the increase of thalamic glutamatergic transmission can play a role in developing of tremor in ET.

Increased glutamate + glutamine levels in the thalamus of patients with essential tremor: A preliminary proton MR spectroscopic study.

Arabia G;Nisticò R;Morelli M;Sabatini U
2018-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the thalamic biochemical profile in patients with essential tremor (ET), using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ( 1 H-MRS), and to explore the correlations between clinical and biochemical data. Methods: Sixteen patients with ET and 14 healthy controls participated in this study. After conventional MR imaging, single-voxel 1 H-MRS (TR = 2000 ms; TE = 28 ms) was performed by using a PROBE-SV system implemented on a 3-T scanner. A voxel of 10 × 10 × 15 mm involving the ventrointermediate (Vim) nucleus was acquired in each thalamus of all subjects. Peak areas of N-acetyl-aspartate + N-acetyl-aspartyl-glutamate (NAA), creatine + phosphocreatine (Cr), glycerophosphocholine + phosphocholine (Cho), and glutamate + glutamine (Glx) were calculated using a version 6.3-1 K of the fitting program LCModel for each voxel. Comparative and correlation analyses were performed on the NAA, Cr, Cho, and Glx concentrations, as well as on the values of the NAA/Cr, a neural density marker, Cho/Cr, a membrane marker, and Glx/Cr, an intracellular neurotransmitter marker. Results: Patients with ET showed a significant increase in Glx concentration and Glx/Cr ratio values in both thalami, compared to healthy controls, whereas no difference inter-group was found for the other metabolites and NAA/Cr and Cho/Cr ratio values. Of note, the tremor severity was positively related to increased Glx concentrations and Glx/Cr ratio values in ET group. Conclusions: Our study shows that 1 H-MRS can highlight in vivo metabolic abnormalities in the thalami of ET patients, supporting the evidence that the increase of thalamic glutamatergic transmission can play a role in developing of tremor in ET.
2018
Magnetic resonance imaging spectroscopy; Essential tremor; Thalamus
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/8673
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