Recently it has been reported that U3 snRNA is necessary for: (a) internal cleavage at +651/+657 within the external transcribed spacer (ETS) of mouse precursor ribosomal RNA (pre-rRNA); and (b) cleavage at the 5' end of 5.8S rRNA in Xenopus oocytes. To study if U3 snRNA plays a role at more than one processing site in the same system, we have investigated whether internal cleavage sites exist within the ETS of Xenopus oocyte pre-rRNA. The ETS of Xenopus pre-rRNA contains the consensus sequence for the mammalian early processing site (+651/+657 in mouse pre-rRNA), but freshly prepared RNA from Xenopus oocytes has no cuts in this region. The only putative cleavage sites we found in the ETS of Xenopus oocyte pre-rRNA are a cluster further down-stream of the mouse early processing site consensus sequence. This cluster is not homologous to the mouse +651/+657 sites because unlike the latter it is (a) not abolished by disruption of U3 snRNA, (b) not cleaved during early steps of pre-rRNA processing, and (c) lacks sequence similarity to the +651/+657 consensus. Therefore, pre-rRNA of Xenopus oocytes does not cleave within the ETS as an early step in rRNA processing. We conclude that cleavage within the ETS is not an obligatory early step needed for the rest of rRNA maturation.
|Titolo:||PRERIBOSOMAL RNA PROCESSING IN XENOPUS-OOCYTES DOES NOT INCLUDE CLEAVAGE WITHIN THE EXTERNAL TRANSCRIBED SPACER AS AN EARLY STEP|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1991|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|