A bidirectional flow of information exists between the CNS and the neuroendocrine and immune systems, representing an important homeostatic mechanism in the body. Lymphokines and other products of immunocompetent cells seem to play a crucial role in this communication and seem to exert powerful effects on neurones in the brain. In this article, Giuseppe Nistico and Giovambattista De Sarro describe the central effects following interleukin 2 (IL-2) microinfusion into several areas of the rat brain. The locus coeruleus seems to be the main site in the brain through which IL-2 exerts soporific effects. In addition, the possible transducing mechanisms coupling IL-2 receptor stimulation and the electroencephalogram (EEG) spectrum power responses elicited from the locus coeruleus seem to involve stimulation of specific receptors coupled to adenylate cyclase through a G(i) protein.
|Titolo:||Is interleukin 2 a neuromodulator in the brain?|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1991|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|