Background: Tuberculosis (TB) which mainly cause lung primarily TB, can also affect the musculoskeletal system. Spine involvement occurs in 50% of the cases and neurologic deficit and kyphotic deformity may occur. The choice of conservative or surgical management of spinal TB in the absence of neurologic deficits remains controversial. The aim of the present study was to investigate the outcome and the success rate of conservative treatment and to provide evidence for the timing of treatment for spinal TB in adult patients.Methods: Consecutive enrolled adult patients were conservatively treated from January 2000 to January 2020 for spinal TB in a tertiary care Orthopedic and Trauma Center-Spine Surgery Unit in Turin. Patients were conservatively treated with antibiotics and orthoses and followed up for at least 12 months. Clinical, radiological, laboratory and microbiological tests were performed for all the patients and demographic data, risk factors, comorbidity, clinical symptoms such as peripheral neurological deficit, and vertebral level involved were recorded. Treatment success was considered as no disease recurrence after 1 year of follow-up. Patients underwent successful conservative treatment were also evaluated with the self-perceived quality of life [36-Item Short Form (SF-36)] survey.Results: A total of 132 patients (59 women and 73 men) suffering from spinal TB with a mean age at presentation of 49 years (range, 32-68 years) were treated. The mean follow-up was 43 months (range, 12-82 months). In 80 cases there was a single vertebra involvement while multiple levels were involved in 52 cases. Sixty- nine ( 52%) patients presented spondylitis without involvement of the disk and 63 (48%) patients presented a spondylitis with disk involvement. Conservative treatment was effective in 113 patients (86%) which showed inter-somatic fusion with stability of the spine. The mean period of antibiotic therapy was 12 months (range, 8-15 months). Patients wear spinal orthosis for at least 12 weeks. The physical component summary (PCS)-36 (48.9 +/- 10.0) and mental component summary (MCS) (46.5 +/- 7.0) summary scores at follow-up were comparable to the normative values (P=0.652 and P=0.862, respectively). Painful deformity occurred in 25 patients (19%).Conclusions: Conservative treatment is effective treatment for spinal TB and may avoid surgical intervention in the absence of neurologic deficits.

Conservative treatment of spinal tuberculosis in a retrospective cohort study over 20-year period: high eradication rate and successful health status can be expected

Gargiulo, G;Galasso, O;Gasparini, G;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) which mainly cause lung primarily TB, can also affect the musculoskeletal system. Spine involvement occurs in 50% of the cases and neurologic deficit and kyphotic deformity may occur. The choice of conservative or surgical management of spinal TB in the absence of neurologic deficits remains controversial. The aim of the present study was to investigate the outcome and the success rate of conservative treatment and to provide evidence for the timing of treatment for spinal TB in adult patients.Methods: Consecutive enrolled adult patients were conservatively treated from January 2000 to January 2020 for spinal TB in a tertiary care Orthopedic and Trauma Center-Spine Surgery Unit in Turin. Patients were conservatively treated with antibiotics and orthoses and followed up for at least 12 months. Clinical, radiological, laboratory and microbiological tests were performed for all the patients and demographic data, risk factors, comorbidity, clinical symptoms such as peripheral neurological deficit, and vertebral level involved were recorded. Treatment success was considered as no disease recurrence after 1 year of follow-up. Patients underwent successful conservative treatment were also evaluated with the self-perceived quality of life [36-Item Short Form (SF-36)] survey.Results: A total of 132 patients (59 women and 73 men) suffering from spinal TB with a mean age at presentation of 49 years (range, 32-68 years) were treated. The mean follow-up was 43 months (range, 12-82 months). In 80 cases there was a single vertebra involvement while multiple levels were involved in 52 cases. Sixty- nine ( 52%) patients presented spondylitis without involvement of the disk and 63 (48%) patients presented a spondylitis with disk involvement. Conservative treatment was effective in 113 patients (86%) which showed inter-somatic fusion with stability of the spine. The mean period of antibiotic therapy was 12 months (range, 8-15 months). Patients wear spinal orthosis for at least 12 weeks. The physical component summary (PCS)-36 (48.9 +/- 10.0) and mental component summary (MCS) (46.5 +/- 7.0) summary scores at follow-up were comparable to the normative values (P=0.652 and P=0.862, respectively). Painful deformity occurred in 25 patients (19%).Conclusions: Conservative treatment is effective treatment for spinal TB and may avoid surgical intervention in the absence of neurologic deficits.
2023
Spondylitis
spondylodiscitis
infection
tuberculosis (TB)
spine
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/89139
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