Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP) is an inflammatory disease linked to type 2 inflammation. Several biologics have demonstrated therapeutic potential for the treatment of this pathology in which IL-4, IL-5 and IL-13 represent the major cytokines involved in the control of eosinophilic respiratory inflammation. 25% of CRSwNP patients relapse after the use of oral glucocorticoids or after surgery and often require several surgeries during their lifetime. In our study we enrolled 14 patients, 11 male and 3 female. The inclusion criteria were: age ≥ 18 years; confirmed diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis with severe nasal polyposis; disease severity with NPS Nasal Polyposis Endoscopic Score total score ≥ 5 and/or SNOT-22 ≥ 50; previous treatment failure due to lack of efficacy or discontinuation of systemic corticosteroid therapy and/or non-response or recurrence following surgery. The results presented in this study showed the ability of Dupilumab to improve all the parameters analysed. In particular, statistically significant data were obtained for NPS, SNOT-22, NRS, and IgE in patients exposed to Dupilumab treatment for 24 weeks, highlighting the ability of Dupilumab to produce clinical benefit in CRWwNP patients. In light of these data, the administration of dupilumab every two weeks represents a valid clinical strategy that ENT specialists can adopt for the treatment of adults with inadequately controlled CRSwNP.

Targeting IL-4 and IL-13 Receptors on Eosinophils in CRSwNP Patients: The Clinical Efficacy of Dupilumab

Piazzetta G. L.;Lobello N.;Chiarella E.;Pelaia C.;Pelaia G.;Lombardo N.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP) is an inflammatory disease linked to type 2 inflammation. Several biologics have demonstrated therapeutic potential for the treatment of this pathology in which IL-4, IL-5 and IL-13 represent the major cytokines involved in the control of eosinophilic respiratory inflammation. 25% of CRSwNP patients relapse after the use of oral glucocorticoids or after surgery and often require several surgeries during their lifetime. In our study we enrolled 14 patients, 11 male and 3 female. The inclusion criteria were: age ≥ 18 years; confirmed diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis with severe nasal polyposis; disease severity with NPS Nasal Polyposis Endoscopic Score total score ≥ 5 and/or SNOT-22 ≥ 50; previous treatment failure due to lack of efficacy or discontinuation of systemic corticosteroid therapy and/or non-response or recurrence following surgery. The results presented in this study showed the ability of Dupilumab to improve all the parameters analysed. In particular, statistically significant data were obtained for NPS, SNOT-22, NRS, and IgE in patients exposed to Dupilumab treatment for 24 weeks, highlighting the ability of Dupilumab to produce clinical benefit in CRWwNP patients. In light of these data, the administration of dupilumab every two weeks represents a valid clinical strategy that ENT specialists can adopt for the treatment of adults with inadequately controlled CRSwNP.
2023
chronic rhinosinusitis
cytokines
dupilumab
IgE
inflammatory disease
nasal polyps
nasal polyps score (NPS)
numeric rating scale (NRS)
peripheral eosinophilia
Sino Nasal Outcome Test-22 (SNOT-22)
type 2 inflammation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/91233
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