BackgroundThis study aimed to characterize the genetic profile of patients with glioma and discuss the impact of next-generation sequencing in glioma diagnosis and treatment.MethodsBetween 2019 and 2022, we analyzed the genetic profile of 99 patients with glioma through the Oncomine Focus Assay. The assay enables the detection of mutations in 52 driver genes, including single nucleotide variants (SNVs), copy number variants (CNVs), and gene fusions. We also collected and analyzed patients' clinic characteristics and treatment outcomes.ResultsOver a period of 35 months, 700 patients with glioma followed by our neuro-oncology unit were screened, and 99 were enrolled in the study; most of the patients were excluded for inadequate non-morphological MRI or lack/inadequacy of the tissue samples. Based on our findings, most patients with glioma present mutations, such as SNVs, CNVs or gene fusions. Our data were similar to those reported by The Cancer Genome Atlas Program in terms of frequency of SNVs and CNVs, while we observed more cases of gene fusions. Median overall survival, progression-free survival, and time to progression were significantly lower for patients with grade VI glioblastoma than those with other gliomas. Only four patients were offered a targeted treatment based on the mutation detected; however, only one received treatment, the others could not receive the selected treatment because of worsening clinical status.ConclusionRoutine timely molecular profiling in patients with glioma should be implemented to offer patients an individualized diagnostic approach and provide them with advanced targeted therapy options if available.

The Glioma-IRE project - Molecular profiling in patients with glioma: steps toward an individualized diagnostic and therapeutic approach

Ciliberto, Gennaro;
2023-01-01

Abstract

BackgroundThis study aimed to characterize the genetic profile of patients with glioma and discuss the impact of next-generation sequencing in glioma diagnosis and treatment.MethodsBetween 2019 and 2022, we analyzed the genetic profile of 99 patients with glioma through the Oncomine Focus Assay. The assay enables the detection of mutations in 52 driver genes, including single nucleotide variants (SNVs), copy number variants (CNVs), and gene fusions. We also collected and analyzed patients' clinic characteristics and treatment outcomes.ResultsOver a period of 35 months, 700 patients with glioma followed by our neuro-oncology unit were screened, and 99 were enrolled in the study; most of the patients were excluded for inadequate non-morphological MRI or lack/inadequacy of the tissue samples. Based on our findings, most patients with glioma present mutations, such as SNVs, CNVs or gene fusions. Our data were similar to those reported by The Cancer Genome Atlas Program in terms of frequency of SNVs and CNVs, while we observed more cases of gene fusions. Median overall survival, progression-free survival, and time to progression were significantly lower for patients with grade VI glioblastoma than those with other gliomas. Only four patients were offered a targeted treatment based on the mutation detected; however, only one received treatment, the others could not receive the selected treatment because of worsening clinical status.ConclusionRoutine timely molecular profiling in patients with glioma should be implemented to offer patients an individualized diagnostic approach and provide them with advanced targeted therapy options if available.
2023
Glioblastoma
Glioma
Molecular profiling
Next-generation sequencing
Precision medicine
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/92111
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