Lipomatous hypertrophy of the interatrial septum (LHIS) is a benign cardiac mass determined by abnormal deposition of adipose tissue in the interatrial septum. The quantitative relationship between LHIS and visceral adiposity has not been explored to date.In this retrospective study, three groups of consecutive patients undergoing CT imaging were enrolled: L + with LHIS, L− without LHIS, and LO− without both LHIS and history of malignancies. Areas of total adipose tissue (TAT), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and LHIS areas were calculated on CT images. The relationship between LHIS and abdominal fat distribution was investigated with linear regression models. Bonferroni correction was applied to account for multiple testing. Statistical significance was set at 5%. In this study we enrolled a total of 175 subjects: 58 (33.14%) with LHIS (L +), 51(29.14%) without LHIS (L−) and 66 (37.71%) without both LHIS and medical history of malignancies (LO-). VAT (coeff: 105.82; 95% CI 59.37–152.27), SAT (coeff: 74.59; 95% CI 31.63–117.54), and TAT (coeff: 190.37; 95% CI 115.02–265.72), were significantly higher in L + patients. Moreover, VAT (coeff: 24.95; 95% CI 6.94–42.96) and TAT (coeff: 36.58; 95% CI 8.75–64.41) were statistically significant linear predictors for LHIS area. Here, we report a novel association between LHIS and visceral adiposity using a quantitative CT-based imaging approach. The results are of great importance also because they might drive early identification of subjects with LHIS at risk for visceral obesity, and trigger lifestyle interventions aimed at weight loss.

Visceral adiposity in patients with lipomatous hypertrophy of the interatrial septum

Di Gennaro G.;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Lipomatous hypertrophy of the interatrial septum (LHIS) is a benign cardiac mass determined by abnormal deposition of adipose tissue in the interatrial septum. The quantitative relationship between LHIS and visceral adiposity has not been explored to date.In this retrospective study, three groups of consecutive patients undergoing CT imaging were enrolled: L + with LHIS, L− without LHIS, and LO− without both LHIS and history of malignancies. Areas of total adipose tissue (TAT), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and LHIS areas were calculated on CT images. The relationship between LHIS and abdominal fat distribution was investigated with linear regression models. Bonferroni correction was applied to account for multiple testing. Statistical significance was set at 5%. In this study we enrolled a total of 175 subjects: 58 (33.14%) with LHIS (L +), 51(29.14%) without LHIS (L−) and 66 (37.71%) without both LHIS and medical history of malignancies (LO-). VAT (coeff: 105.82; 95% CI 59.37–152.27), SAT (coeff: 74.59; 95% CI 31.63–117.54), and TAT (coeff: 190.37; 95% CI 115.02–265.72), were significantly higher in L + patients. Moreover, VAT (coeff: 24.95; 95% CI 6.94–42.96) and TAT (coeff: 36.58; 95% CI 8.75–64.41) were statistically significant linear predictors for LHIS area. Here, we report a novel association between LHIS and visceral adiposity using a quantitative CT-based imaging approach. The results are of great importance also because they might drive early identification of subjects with LHIS at risk for visceral obesity, and trigger lifestyle interventions aimed at weight loss.
2024
CT
Lipomatous hypertrophy of the interatrial septum
Obesity
Visceral adipose tissue
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/92400
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