Small-bore pleural drainage device insertion has become a first-line therapy for the treatment of pleural effusions (PLEFF) in the intensive care unit; however, no data are available regarding the performance of resident doctors in the execution of this procedure. Our aim was to assess the prevalence of complications related to ultrasound-guided percutaneous small-bore pleural drain insertion by resident doctors. In this single-center observational study, the primary outcome was the occurrence of complications. Secondary outcomes studied were as follows: estimation of PLEFF size by ultrasound and postprocedure changes in PaO2/FiO(2) ratio. In all, 87 pleural drains were inserted in 88 attempts. Of these, 16 were positioned by the senior intensivist following a failed attempt by the resident. giving a total of 71 successful placements performed by residents. In 13 cases (14.8%). difficulties were encountered in advancing the catheter over the guidewire. In 16 cases (18.4%). the drain was positioned by a senior intensivist after a failed attempt by a resident. In 8 cases (9.2%), the final chest X-ray revealed a kink in the catheter. A pneumothorax was identified in 21.8% of cases with a mean size (+/- SD) of just 10mm (+/- 6: maximum size: 20mm). The mean size of PLEFF was 57.4mm (+/- 19.9). corresponding to 1148 nt (+/- 430) according to Balik's formula. Ultrasound-guided placement of a small-bore pleural drain by resident doctors is a safe procedure. although it is associated with a rather high incidence of irrelevant pneumothoraces.

Assessment of Pleural Effusion and Small Pleural Drain Insertion by Resident Doctors in an Intensive Care Unit: An Observational Study

Volpicelli, Giovanni;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Small-bore pleural drainage device insertion has become a first-line therapy for the treatment of pleural effusions (PLEFF) in the intensive care unit; however, no data are available regarding the performance of resident doctors in the execution of this procedure. Our aim was to assess the prevalence of complications related to ultrasound-guided percutaneous small-bore pleural drain insertion by resident doctors. In this single-center observational study, the primary outcome was the occurrence of complications. Secondary outcomes studied were as follows: estimation of PLEFF size by ultrasound and postprocedure changes in PaO2/FiO(2) ratio. In all, 87 pleural drains were inserted in 88 attempts. Of these, 16 were positioned by the senior intensivist following a failed attempt by the resident. giving a total of 71 successful placements performed by residents. In 13 cases (14.8%). difficulties were encountered in advancing the catheter over the guidewire. In 16 cases (18.4%). the drain was positioned by a senior intensivist after a failed attempt by a resident. In 8 cases (9.2%), the final chest X-ray revealed a kink in the catheter. A pneumothorax was identified in 21.8% of cases with a mean size (+/- SD) of just 10mm (+/- 6: maximum size: 20mm). The mean size of PLEFF was 57.4mm (+/- 19.9). corresponding to 1148 nt (+/- 430) according to Balik's formula. Ultrasound-guided placement of a small-bore pleural drain by resident doctors is a safe procedure. although it is associated with a rather high incidence of irrelevant pneumothoraces.
2019
Lung ultrasound
intensive care
pleural drainage
pleural effusion
respiratory failure
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/92536
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