Background: Platelets play an important role in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Mean platelet volume (MPV) is considered as biological marker of platelets activity and function. The aim of the present study was to evaluate MPV values and its possible correlation with arterial stiffness and subclinical myocardial damage, in normal glucose tolerance patients (NGT), in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic (T2DM) patients and in individuals with pre-diabetes. Methods: We enrolled 400 newly diagnosed hypertensive patients. All patients underwent an Oral Glucose Tolerance test (OGTT). Arterial stiffness (AS) was evaluated with the measurement of carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation pressure (AP) and augmentation index (AI). Echocardiographic recordings were performed using an E-95 Pro ultrasound system. Results: Among groups there was an increase in fasting plasma glucose (FPG) (p < 0.0001), fasting plasma insulin (FPI) (p < 0.0001), high sensitivity c reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels (p < 0.0001) and a decrease in renal function as demonstrated by e-GFR values (p < 0.0001). From the NGT group to the T2DM group there was a rise in MPV value (p < 0.0001). Moreover, in the evaluation of arterial stiffness and subclinical myocardial damage, MPV showed a positive correlation with these parameters. Conclusions: In the present study we highlighted that MPV is significantly increased, not only in newly diagnosed T2DM patients, but also in early stage of diabetes, indicating that subjects with pre-diabetes present increased platelets reactivity. Moreover, our results suggest that MPV is associated with increased arterial stiffness and subclinical myocardial damage, indicating MPV as new marker of CV risk.

Mean platelet volume (MPV) as new marker of diabetic macrovascular complications in patients with different glucose homeostasis

Cassano, Velia;Armentaro, Giuseppe;Miceli, Sofia;Fiorentino, Teresa V.;Succurro, Elena;Perticone, Maria;Arturi, Franco;Hribal, Marta L.;Montalcini, Tiziana;Andreozzi, Francesco;Sesti, Giorgio;Pujia, Arturo;Sciacqua, Angela
2024-01-01

Abstract

Background: Platelets play an important role in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Mean platelet volume (MPV) is considered as biological marker of platelets activity and function. The aim of the present study was to evaluate MPV values and its possible correlation with arterial stiffness and subclinical myocardial damage, in normal glucose tolerance patients (NGT), in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic (T2DM) patients and in individuals with pre-diabetes. Methods: We enrolled 400 newly diagnosed hypertensive patients. All patients underwent an Oral Glucose Tolerance test (OGTT). Arterial stiffness (AS) was evaluated with the measurement of carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation pressure (AP) and augmentation index (AI). Echocardiographic recordings were performed using an E-95 Pro ultrasound system. Results: Among groups there was an increase in fasting plasma glucose (FPG) (p < 0.0001), fasting plasma insulin (FPI) (p < 0.0001), high sensitivity c reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels (p < 0.0001) and a decrease in renal function as demonstrated by e-GFR values (p < 0.0001). From the NGT group to the T2DM group there was a rise in MPV value (p < 0.0001). Moreover, in the evaluation of arterial stiffness and subclinical myocardial damage, MPV showed a positive correlation with these parameters. Conclusions: In the present study we highlighted that MPV is significantly increased, not only in newly diagnosed T2DM patients, but also in early stage of diabetes, indicating that subjects with pre-diabetes present increased platelets reactivity. Moreover, our results suggest that MPV is associated with increased arterial stiffness and subclinical myocardial damage, indicating MPV as new marker of CV risk.
2024
Arterial stiffness
Global longitudinal strain
Mean platelets volume
Pre-diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/93862
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