Abstract: Background: The experience of stigma can exert a profound impact on the mental health and well-being of individuals with bipolar disorder (BD). Our study explores which factors of internalized stigma are associated with suicidal ideation and how they differ between the two sexes in a clinical sample of BD patients. Methods: The study follows a cross-sectional study design, employing the Clinical Global Impression for Bipolar Patients (CGI-BP) to evaluate the overall severity of illness and the alteration in patients affected by bipolar disorder, the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness (ISMI) assessing self-stigma among individuals experiencing mental disorders, and the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) identifying and assessing individuals vulnerable to suicide. Descriptive analyses, analysis of variance (ANOVA), and logistic regression analysis were conducted, and 344 BD subjects were recruited. Results: Our ANOVA results revealed a significant association between sex and suicide across ISMI sub-items (p = 0.000). Logistic regression analysis comprised three phases: Discrimination was consistently significant across all phases (p < 0.001), while Alienation and Stereotype emerged as additional predictors of suicide in later phases of the analysis (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Our study contributes to the growing body of literature on internalized stigma, sex, and suicidality among individuals with bipolar disorder. Early intervention programs and prevention strategies are needed.

Understanding Internalized Stigma’s Role in Sex-Specific Suicidal Ideation among Individuals with Bipolar Disorder

D'Angelo, Martina
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Steardo, Luca
Project Administration
2024-01-01

Abstract

Abstract: Background: The experience of stigma can exert a profound impact on the mental health and well-being of individuals with bipolar disorder (BD). Our study explores which factors of internalized stigma are associated with suicidal ideation and how they differ between the two sexes in a clinical sample of BD patients. Methods: The study follows a cross-sectional study design, employing the Clinical Global Impression for Bipolar Patients (CGI-BP) to evaluate the overall severity of illness and the alteration in patients affected by bipolar disorder, the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness (ISMI) assessing self-stigma among individuals experiencing mental disorders, and the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) identifying and assessing individuals vulnerable to suicide. Descriptive analyses, analysis of variance (ANOVA), and logistic regression analysis were conducted, and 344 BD subjects were recruited. Results: Our ANOVA results revealed a significant association between sex and suicide across ISMI sub-items (p = 0.000). Logistic regression analysis comprised three phases: Discrimination was consistently significant across all phases (p < 0.001), while Alienation and Stereotype emerged as additional predictors of suicide in later phases of the analysis (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Our study contributes to the growing body of literature on internalized stigma, sex, and suicidality among individuals with bipolar disorder. Early intervention programs and prevention strategies are needed.
2024
bipolar disorder; internalized stigma; suicide; sex differences
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/96320
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