Inhibitors of histone deacetylases (HDACs) activate the sodium iodide symporter (NIS) expression in thyroid tumor cells. In this study, mechanisms accounting for these effects were investigated. Various human thyroid tumor cell lines (ARO, BCPAP, FRO, TPC-1) were treated with the HDAC inhibitors Na butyrate (NaB) and tricostatin A (TSA), and the effects on the expression of NIS and several thyroid-specific transcription factors together with the activity of NIS promoter were evaluated. TSA and NaB increased NIS mRNA levels in all cell lines. Among thyroid-specific transcription factors, only expression of PAX8 in ARO cells was increased. Down-regulation of thyroid-specific transcription factor-1 expression was observed in BCPAP and TPC-1 cell lines. Thyroid-specific transcription factor-2 mRNA was reduced in FRO, BCPAP, and TPC-1 cells. Histone acetylation had no significant effects on HEX expression. Altogether, these data indicate that the increase of NIS expression is not mediated by modification of expression of thyroid-specific transcription factors. Accordingly, in transfection experiments performed in the HeLa cell line (which does not express thyroid-specific transcription factors), treatment with TSA and NaB increased NIS promoter activity. Stimulation of NIS promoter activity was also obtained by overexpressing histone acetylating proteins pCAF and p300 in HeLa cells. Conversely, overexpression of the HDAC 1 enzyme inhibited basal activity of the NIS promoter. Effects of TSA and NaB on NIS expression were also evaluated in nonthyroid cell lines MCF-7, Hep-G2, and SAOS-2. In all cell lines TSA and NaB greatly increased NIS mRNA levels. We concluded that control of NIS expression by inhibition ofHDAC appears not to be mediated by cell-specific mechanisms, suggesting it as a potential strategy to induce radioiodine sensitivity in different human tumors. (Endocrinology 146: 3967–3974, 2005)

Effects of histone acetylation on NIS promoter and expression of thyroid-specific transcription factors

RUSSO D.;
2005-01-01

Abstract

Inhibitors of histone deacetylases (HDACs) activate the sodium iodide symporter (NIS) expression in thyroid tumor cells. In this study, mechanisms accounting for these effects were investigated. Various human thyroid tumor cell lines (ARO, BCPAP, FRO, TPC-1) were treated with the HDAC inhibitors Na butyrate (NaB) and tricostatin A (TSA), and the effects on the expression of NIS and several thyroid-specific transcription factors together with the activity of NIS promoter were evaluated. TSA and NaB increased NIS mRNA levels in all cell lines. Among thyroid-specific transcription factors, only expression of PAX8 in ARO cells was increased. Down-regulation of thyroid-specific transcription factor-1 expression was observed in BCPAP and TPC-1 cell lines. Thyroid-specific transcription factor-2 mRNA was reduced in FRO, BCPAP, and TPC-1 cells. Histone acetylation had no significant effects on HEX expression. Altogether, these data indicate that the increase of NIS expression is not mediated by modification of expression of thyroid-specific transcription factors. Accordingly, in transfection experiments performed in the HeLa cell line (which does not express thyroid-specific transcription factors), treatment with TSA and NaB increased NIS promoter activity. Stimulation of NIS promoter activity was also obtained by overexpressing histone acetylating proteins pCAF and p300 in HeLa cells. Conversely, overexpression of the HDAC 1 enzyme inhibited basal activity of the NIS promoter. Effects of TSA and NaB on NIS expression were also evaluated in nonthyroid cell lines MCF-7, Hep-G2, and SAOS-2. In all cell lines TSA and NaB greatly increased NIS mRNA levels. We concluded that control of NIS expression by inhibition ofHDAC appears not to be mediated by cell-specific mechanisms, suggesting it as a potential strategy to induce radioiodine sensitivity in different human tumors. (Endocrinology 146: 3967–3974, 2005)
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/12523
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 74
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 71
social impact