In order to obtain multi-functional molecules for Alzheimer's disease, a series of deferiprone derivatives has been synthesized and evaluated in vitro with the hypothesis that they can restore the cholinergic tone and attenuate the dyshomeostasis of the metals mainly involved in the pathology. These compounds were designed as dual binding site AChE inhibitors: they possess an arylalkylamine moiety connected via an alkyl chain to a 3-hydroxy-4-pyridone fragment, to allow the simultaneous interaction with catalytic active site (CAS) and peripheral anionic site (PAS) of the enzyme. Deferiprone moiety and 2-aminopyridine, 2-aminopyrimidine or 2,4-diaminopyrimidine groups have been incorporated into these compounds, in order to obtain molecules potentially able to chelate bio-metals colocalized in Aβ plaques and involved in the generation of radical species. Synthesized compounds were tested by enzymatic inhibition studies towards EeAChE and eqBChE using Ellman's method. The most potent EeAChE inhibitor is compound 5a, with a Ki of 788 ± 51 nM, while the most potent eqBChE inhibitors are compounds 12 and 19, with Ki values of 182 ± 18 nM and 258 ± 25 nM respectively. Selected compounds, among the most potent cholinesterases inhibitors, were able to form complex with iron and in some cases with copper and zinc. Moreover, these compounds were characterized by low toxicity on U-87 MG Cell Line from human brain (glioblastoma astrocytoma).

New deferiprone derivatives as multi-functional cholinesterase inhibitors: design, synthesis and in vitro evaluation

De Vita D.;Bagetta D.;Alcaro S.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

In order to obtain multi-functional molecules for Alzheimer's disease, a series of deferiprone derivatives has been synthesized and evaluated in vitro with the hypothesis that they can restore the cholinergic tone and attenuate the dyshomeostasis of the metals mainly involved in the pathology. These compounds were designed as dual binding site AChE inhibitors: they possess an arylalkylamine moiety connected via an alkyl chain to a 3-hydroxy-4-pyridone fragment, to allow the simultaneous interaction with catalytic active site (CAS) and peripheral anionic site (PAS) of the enzyme. Deferiprone moiety and 2-aminopyridine, 2-aminopyrimidine or 2,4-diaminopyrimidine groups have been incorporated into these compounds, in order to obtain molecules potentially able to chelate bio-metals colocalized in Aβ plaques and involved in the generation of radical species. Synthesized compounds were tested by enzymatic inhibition studies towards EeAChE and eqBChE using Ellman's method. The most potent EeAChE inhibitor is compound 5a, with a Ki of 788 ± 51 nM, while the most potent eqBChE inhibitors are compounds 12 and 19, with Ki values of 182 ± 18 nM and 258 ± 25 nM respectively. Selected compounds, among the most potent cholinesterases inhibitors, were able to form complex with iron and in some cases with copper and zinc. Moreover, these compounds were characterized by low toxicity on U-87 MG Cell Line from human brain (glioblastoma astrocytoma).
2020
Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors
Butyrylcholinesterase inhibitors
Deferiprone derivatives
Metal chelators
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/63445
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