Thyroid carcinomas, even when well differentiated, usually appear as hypofunctioning at scintigraphy. We report a case of an aggressive insular thyroid carcinoma presenting as an autonomously functioning thyroid nodule and causing severe thyrotoxicosis. The tumor was metastatic to a cervical lymph node and both lungs. An activating mutation of the TSH receptor gene in both the primary tumor and the lymph node metastasis was found, due to a base substitution at codon 633 (normal guanine at position 1896 replaced by cytosine CAC for GAC causing aspartic acid substitution by histidine). Other known oncogenes (gsp, ras, PTC/ret, trk, met, and p53) were not involved. This is the first description of an activating TSH receptor mutation in a thyroid hyperfunctioning carcinoma in which an aggressive malignant phenotype coexisted with activation of the cAMP cascade and differentiated thyroid functions.

Detection of an activating mutation of the thyrotropin receptor in a case of an autonomously hyperfunctioning thyroid insular carcinoma

Russo D.;Arturi F.;Belfiore A.
1997-01-01

Abstract

Thyroid carcinomas, even when well differentiated, usually appear as hypofunctioning at scintigraphy. We report a case of an aggressive insular thyroid carcinoma presenting as an autonomously functioning thyroid nodule and causing severe thyrotoxicosis. The tumor was metastatic to a cervical lymph node and both lungs. An activating mutation of the TSH receptor gene in both the primary tumor and the lymph node metastasis was found, due to a base substitution at codon 633 (normal guanine at position 1896 replaced by cytosine CAC for GAC causing aspartic acid substitution by histidine). Other known oncogenes (gsp, ras, PTC/ret, trk, met, and p53) were not involved. This is the first description of an activating TSH receptor mutation in a thyroid hyperfunctioning carcinoma in which an aggressive malignant phenotype coexisted with activation of the cAMP cascade and differentiated thyroid functions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/63882
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