Polypharmacology is a new trend in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) therapy and an effective way of addressing a multifactorial etiology involving excitotoxicity, mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and microglial activation. Inspired by a reported clinical trial, we converted a riluzole (1)-rasagiline (2) combination into single-molecule multi-target-directed ligands. By a ligand-based approach, the highly structurally integrated hybrids 3-8 were designed and synthesized. Through a target- and phenotypic-based screening pipeline, we identified hit compound 6. It showed monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) inhibitory activity (IC50 = 6.9 μM) rationalized by in silico studies as well as in vitro brain permeability. By using neuronal and non-neuronal cell models, including ALS-patient-derived cells, we disclosed for 6 a neuroprotective/neuroinflammatory profile similar to that of the parent compounds and their combination. Furthermore, the unexpected MAO inhibitory activity of 1 (IC50 = 8.7 μM) might add a piece to the puzzle of its anti-ALS molecular profile.

Riluzole-Rasagiline Hybrids: Toward the Development of Multi-Target-Directed Ligands for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Maruca, Annalisa;Rocca, Roberta;Alcaro, Stefano;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Polypharmacology is a new trend in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) therapy and an effective way of addressing a multifactorial etiology involving excitotoxicity, mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and microglial activation. Inspired by a reported clinical trial, we converted a riluzole (1)-rasagiline (2) combination into single-molecule multi-target-directed ligands. By a ligand-based approach, the highly structurally integrated hybrids 3-8 were designed and synthesized. Through a target- and phenotypic-based screening pipeline, we identified hit compound 6. It showed monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) inhibitory activity (IC50 = 6.9 μM) rationalized by in silico studies as well as in vitro brain permeability. By using neuronal and non-neuronal cell models, including ALS-patient-derived cells, we disclosed for 6 a neuroprotective/neuroinflammatory profile similar to that of the parent compounds and their combination. Furthermore, the unexpected MAO inhibitory activity of 1 (IC50 = 8.7 μM) might add a piece to the puzzle of its anti-ALS molecular profile.
2022
ALS
MAO
MTDLs
Polypharmacology
benzothiazoles
rasagiline
riluzole
Humans
Indans
Ligands
Riluzole
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Neuroprotective Agents
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/80927
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