Background Rest tremor (RT) can be observed in several positions (seated, standing, lying down) but it is unknown whether the tremor features may vary across them. This study aimed to compare the RT electrophysiological features across different positions in tremor-dominant Parkinson's disease (PD) and essential tremor plus (ET with RT, rET). Methods We consecutively enrolled 90 tremor-dominant PD and 24 rET patients. The RT presence was evaluated in three positions: with the patient seated, the arm flexed at 90 degrees, the forearm supported against gravity, and the hand hanging down from the chair armrest (hand-hanging position), in lying down supine and in standing position. RT electrophysiological features (amplitude, frequency, burst duration, pattern) were compared between the two patient groups and across the different positions. Results All PD and rET patients showed RT in hand-hanging position. Supine and standing RT were significantly more common in PD (67.8% and 75.6%, respectively) than in rET patients (37.5% and 45.8%, respectively). RT amplitude, frequency and pattern were significantly different between groups in hand-hanging position whereas only pattern was significantly different between PD and rET in both standing and supine positions. In each patient group, all RT electrophysiological features did not significantly vary across different recording positions (p > 0.05). Discussion In our study, PD and rET showed RT in hand-hanging, supine, and standing positions. RT pattern was the only electrophysiological feature significantly different between PD and rET patients in all these positions, enabling clinicians to perform the RT analysis for diagnostic purposes in different tremor positions.

Evaluation of rest tremor in different positions in Parkinson’s disease and essential tremor plus

Nistico R.;Quattrone A.;De Maria M.;Vescio B.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background Rest tremor (RT) can be observed in several positions (seated, standing, lying down) but it is unknown whether the tremor features may vary across them. This study aimed to compare the RT electrophysiological features across different positions in tremor-dominant Parkinson's disease (PD) and essential tremor plus (ET with RT, rET). Methods We consecutively enrolled 90 tremor-dominant PD and 24 rET patients. The RT presence was evaluated in three positions: with the patient seated, the arm flexed at 90 degrees, the forearm supported against gravity, and the hand hanging down from the chair armrest (hand-hanging position), in lying down supine and in standing position. RT electrophysiological features (amplitude, frequency, burst duration, pattern) were compared between the two patient groups and across the different positions. Results All PD and rET patients showed RT in hand-hanging position. Supine and standing RT were significantly more common in PD (67.8% and 75.6%, respectively) than in rET patients (37.5% and 45.8%, respectively). RT amplitude, frequency and pattern were significantly different between groups in hand-hanging position whereas only pattern was significantly different between PD and rET in both standing and supine positions. In each patient group, all RT electrophysiological features did not significantly vary across different recording positions (p > 0.05). Discussion In our study, PD and rET showed RT in hand-hanging, supine, and standing positions. RT pattern was the only electrophysiological feature significantly different between PD and rET patients in all these positions, enabling clinicians to perform the RT analysis for diagnostic purposes in different tremor positions.
2022
Essential tremor plus
Parkinson’s disease
Rest tremor
Standing
Tremor pattern
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/86918
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