The beneficial properties of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) on lipids blood levels were recognized by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) with a health claim, specifically referring to EVOOs containing at least 5 mg of hydroxytyrosol and its secoiridoids derivatives per 20 g of oil. The main purpose of the work was to characterize the phenolic profile of two commercially available Calabrian monovarietal EVOOs (Nocellara del Belice, VN; Dolce di Rossano, VDR), and to study the effect of one-year storage on secoiridoids composition, by monthly controls. A new UHPLC-ESI-HRMS method was developed and validated, thus facilitating the EFSA claim application and allowing producers to valorize their products. Seven biologically active compounds were chosen: tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol, oleocanthal, oleacein, oleuropein aglycone, verbascoside, and oleuropein. LODs and LOQs were 0.001-0.02 mg g-1 and 0.002-0.08 mg g-1, respectively. The variation coefficients were <= 20% and the percentage of recovery was between 89-109%. During the 12-month storage period, the concentration of selected compounds ranged between 1258.78-1478.91 mg Kg-1 for VN, and 1408.22-2071.45 mg Kg-1 for VDR, with a decrease of 15% and 32% respectively. The method allows an accurate quantification of EVOO phenols thus being useful to certify the nutraceutical properties of olive oil.
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