The tumor-associated isoenzymes hCA IX and hCA XII catalyze the hydration of carbon dioxide to bicarbonate and protons. These isoforms are highly overexpressed in many types of cancer, where they contribute to the acidification of the tumor environment, promoting tumor cell invasion and metastasis. In this work, in order to identify novel dual hCA IX and XII inhibitors, virtual screening techniques and biological assays were combined. A structure-based virtual screening towards hCA IX and XII was performed using a database of approximately 26,000 natural compounds. The best shared hits were submitted to a thermodynamic analysis and three promising best hits were identified and evaluated in terms of their hCA IX and XII inhibitor activity. In vitro biological assays were in line with the theoretical studies and revealed that syringin, lithospermic acid, and (-)-dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol behave as good hCA IX and hCA XII dual inhibitors.

In silico identification and biological evaluation of antioxidant food components endowed with IX and XII hCA inhibition

Costa G.;Maruca A.;Rocca R.;Ambrosio F. A.;Mesiti F.;Salatino A.;Lanzillotta D.;Trapasso F.;Artese A.;Alcaro S.
;
2020-01-01

Abstract

The tumor-associated isoenzymes hCA IX and hCA XII catalyze the hydration of carbon dioxide to bicarbonate and protons. These isoforms are highly overexpressed in many types of cancer, where they contribute to the acidification of the tumor environment, promoting tumor cell invasion and metastasis. In this work, in order to identify novel dual hCA IX and XII inhibitors, virtual screening techniques and biological assays were combined. A structure-based virtual screening towards hCA IX and XII was performed using a database of approximately 26,000 natural compounds. The best shared hits were submitted to a thermodynamic analysis and three promising best hits were identified and evaluated in terms of their hCA IX and XII inhibitor activity. In vitro biological assays were in line with the theoretical studies and revealed that syringin, lithospermic acid, and (-)-dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol behave as good hCA IX and hCA XII dual inhibitors.
2020
Dual inhibitors
HCA IX and XII
In vitro assays
Molecular modeling studies
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/63425
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact