BackgroundMultiple myeloma (MM) is a hematologic malignancy characterized by high genomic instability, and telomere dysfunction is an important cause of acquired genomic alterations. Telomeric repeat-containing RNA (TERRA) transcripts are long non-coding RNAs involved in telomere stability through the interaction with shelterin complex. Dysregulation of TERRAs has been reported across several cancer types. We recently identified a small molecule, hit 17, which stabilizes the secondary structure of TERRA. In this study, we investigated in vitro and in vivo anti-MM activities of hit 17.MethodsAnti-proliferative activity of hit 17 was evaluated in different MM cell lines by cell proliferation assay, and the apoptotic process was analyzed by flow cytometry. Gene and protein expressions were detected by RT-qPCR and western blotting, respectively. Microarray analysis was used to analyze the transcriptome profile. The effect of hit 17 on telomeric structure was evaluated by chromatin immunoprecipitation. Further evaluation in vivo was proceeded upon NCI-H929 and AMO-1 xenograft models.ResultsTERRA G4 stabilization induced in vitro dissociation of telomeric repeat-binding factor 2 (TRF2) from telomeres leading to the activation of ATM-dependent DNA damage response, cell cycle arrest, proliferation block, and apoptotic death in MM cell lines. In addition, up-regulation of TERRA transcription was observed upon DNA damage and TRF2 loss. Transcriptome analysis followed by gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) confirmed the involvement of the above-mentioned processes and other pathways such as E2F, MYC, oxidative phosphorylation, and DNA repair genes as early events following hit 17-induced TERRA stabilization. Moreover, hit 17 exerted anti-tumor activity against MM xenograft models.ConclusionOur findings provide evidence that targeting TERRA by hit 17 could represent a promising strategy for a novel therapeutic approach to MM.

TERRA G-quadruplex stabilization as a new therapeutic strategy for multiple myeloma

Scionti, Francesca;Juli, Giada;Rocca, Roberta;Grillone, Katia;Caracciolo, Daniele;Riillo, Caterina;Altomare, Emanuela;Ascrizzi, Serena;Arbitrio, Mariamena;Artese, Anna;Alcaro, Stefano;Tagliaferri, Pierosandro;Tassone, Pierfrancesco
Funding Acquisition
;
Di Martino, Maria Teresa
2023-01-01

Abstract

BackgroundMultiple myeloma (MM) is a hematologic malignancy characterized by high genomic instability, and telomere dysfunction is an important cause of acquired genomic alterations. Telomeric repeat-containing RNA (TERRA) transcripts are long non-coding RNAs involved in telomere stability through the interaction with shelterin complex. Dysregulation of TERRAs has been reported across several cancer types. We recently identified a small molecule, hit 17, which stabilizes the secondary structure of TERRA. In this study, we investigated in vitro and in vivo anti-MM activities of hit 17.MethodsAnti-proliferative activity of hit 17 was evaluated in different MM cell lines by cell proliferation assay, and the apoptotic process was analyzed by flow cytometry. Gene and protein expressions were detected by RT-qPCR and western blotting, respectively. Microarray analysis was used to analyze the transcriptome profile. The effect of hit 17 on telomeric structure was evaluated by chromatin immunoprecipitation. Further evaluation in vivo was proceeded upon NCI-H929 and AMO-1 xenograft models.ResultsTERRA G4 stabilization induced in vitro dissociation of telomeric repeat-binding factor 2 (TRF2) from telomeres leading to the activation of ATM-dependent DNA damage response, cell cycle arrest, proliferation block, and apoptotic death in MM cell lines. In addition, up-regulation of TERRA transcription was observed upon DNA damage and TRF2 loss. Transcriptome analysis followed by gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) confirmed the involvement of the above-mentioned processes and other pathways such as E2F, MYC, oxidative phosphorylation, and DNA repair genes as early events following hit 17-induced TERRA stabilization. Moreover, hit 17 exerted anti-tumor activity against MM xenograft models.ConclusionOur findings provide evidence that targeting TERRA by hit 17 could represent a promising strategy for a novel therapeutic approach to MM.
2023
DNA damage
Genomic instability
Long non-coding RNA
Multiple myeloma
Small molecules
TERRA
TRF2
Telomere dysfunction
lncRNAs
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/84597
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